Pubblicazioni in campo epidemiologico

Prof Inferm.2015 Apr-Jun;68(2):148-54. doi: 10.7429/pi.2015.6802148.
[Survey on the lifestyle of nurses, nursing students and young adolescent].
[Article in Italian; Abstract available in Italian from the publisher]
Nappini V1, Fedi M1, Millarini V2, Fabbri S2.

Abstract

Prevention and health promotion are based on the amendment of unhealthy lifestyles. The purpose of this work is to identify and highlight unhealthy habits and behaviours of nursing students and nurses professionals, in order to explore possible correlations between unhealthy choices and culture, knowledge and skills in health education. The study population is represented by three separate samples: a) Students from high schools in the province of Pistoia, b) Nursing Undergraduate students of the University of Florence (campus of Pistoia), c) Nurses employed within the Health Services 3 of Pistoia. Investigated behaviours were smoking and alcohol habits, painkiller and inflammatory consumption. Data gathered through the questionnaires were useful to identify and classify educational needs for each of the three samples . This study helps to bring out important aspects of nurses' role on health promotion within the society.



Tumori.2004 Nov-Dec;90(6):547-9.

Benign breast diseases in breast cancer screening programs in Italy (2000-2001).

Fabbri S1,Perfetti E,Govoni D,Bianchi S,Brancato B,Paci E;GISMa Working Group.

Abstract

AIMS AND BACKGROUND:

Screening mammography has been shown to be effective in reducing breast cancer mortality in several randomized clinical trials. One major side effect of screening is the diagnosis of benign breast disease (BBD), which is considered as a nonprogressive lesion, except for a small percentage of lesions considered at high risk. We present data referring to service screening programs active in Italy in 2000 and 2001 and participating in the national survey carried out by the Italian Group for Mammography Screening (GISMa).

METHODS:

To all centers participating in the GISMa National Survey, we submitted a questionnaire regarding the service screening protocol and main indicators of performance of the local program in the years 2000 and 2001.

RESULTS:

A total of 657 detected BBD cases, registered by 23 Italian breast cancer screening centers in women 50 to 69 years of age, are included in this study. The BBD detection rate was 2.5 per 1000 at the first screening test and 1.05 per 1000 at repeated tests. The benign/malignant ratio was 0.34 at the first and 0.22 at the repeated test.

CONCLUSIONS:

Detection of BBD occurred frequently in breast screening programs, and prognostic implications should be further investigated. Women should be individually informed at screening, and with greater detail at the moment of the recall for assessment, of the implications of BBD detection and receive the necessary, also psychological, counseling to avoid the possible harm related to breast cancer screening.


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